GASPRO International Journal of Eminent Scholars
THE EFFECTS OF LECTURE METHOD AND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SOCIAL STUDIES IN AKWA IBOM STATE
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of lecture method and collaborative learning on students’ academic achievement in social studies in Akwa Ibom State. Qausi experimental of 2 X 3 factorial designs was adopted for the study. The study was conducted in Akwa Ibom State. The target population for this study was all the Junior Secondary two (JS2) Social Studies students in all the public secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. A two-stage sampling technique was used to select 150 students from a centrally located secondary school in Akwa Ibom State. It was the use of intact classes drawn from the 3 arms of JS2 class from the selected secondary school centrally located. Each of the 3 arms of the JSS 2 class used for the study had 50 students. This gave a total of 150 participants in the study. Two research instruments were developed and used for the purpose of this study titled “Social Studies Achievement Test Questionnaire (SOSAT)” and Social Studies Self-Concept Questionnaire (SSCQ). In order to ascertain the validity of the instrument the social studies achievement test (SOSAT) and social studies self-concept questionnaire (SSCQ) were given to experts in Social Studies, Abia State University, Uturu and the researchers Supervisors to screen for face and content validity. The reliability coefficient or index was 0.89 for SOSAT. With these indices, the instruments were considered valid reliable, and capable of measuring the intended events with consistency. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that lecture method is often defended because it is argued that it functions well in combination with other teaching methods which have higher level objectives. In collaborative learning the teacher serves as a catalyst giving cues and prompt that will motivates the learners to take active part in the lesson. The study recommended that students should be given the best especially in the areas in which they are expected to function. Teachers should give students problems to solve in order to motivate critical thinking and reasoning.
KEYWORDS: Lecture Method, Collaborative Learning, Students’ Academic Achievement, Social Studies and Akwa Ibom State.
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